About the Community

About Yuma

County Statistics

Population: 10,119 (2012)
Year Incorporated: 1889
Largest City: Yuma
Size: 2,364.4 sqmi



Population & Demographics

While the population of Yuma boomed in the early part of the 20th century, it has since leveled off and is now home to just over 10,000 Coloradans. Over 60% of Yuma residents were born in Colorado, compared to the state average of 42%. With a population density of about four people per square mile, it is considered one of Colorado’s frontier counties.

Race & Ethnicity (2012): Yuma County
Non-Hispanic White 77.3% 69.6%
Hispanic or Latino 21.2% 21.0%
African American 0.3% 4.3%
Asian American 0.4% 3.0%
American Indian 0.8% 1.6%
Other, or In Combination 1.0% 3.0%

Industry & Economy

The top three industries in Yuma are agriculture, construction, and manufacturing. While agriculture is at the heart of its economy,  a diverse range of both agriculture-related and non-agriculture-related industries have emerged. The county is home to many who were born and raised in the same community, or nearby. The unemployment rate is below 4%, well below the state average.

Education & Income (2012): Yuma County
High School Graduates 86.03% 89.9%
College Graduates 17.4% 36.7%
Median Home Value $123,200 $236,800
Median Household Income $45,033 $58,244
Living in Poverty 10.7% 12.9%


The land of present day Yuma County remained relatively unsettled and a Native American hunting ground throughout the Colorado gold rush. Later, residents moved eastward, and the land became more populated with ranchers and farmers. The development of a new railroad, and increased settlement boosted the population enough that residents called for a division of counties and Yuma County was officially formed in 1889. A drought in the early 1900s and the effects of the Great Depression stalled and then decreased the previously growing population of the county. With the decline of the railroad and the traditional family farm, the community shifted its economic prospects. Agriculture remained the major industry, but larger feed lots and farms became more prominent.