Population: 431,834 (2012)
Year Incorporated: 1886
County: El Paso
Size: 194.5 sqmi
The 2nd most populous city in Colorado, and the 41st most populous city in the US, Colorado Springs is home to nearly half a million Coloradans. Less densely populated than Denver, it is the largest city in Colorado by area.
|Race & Ethnicity (2010):||Colorado Springs||Colorado|
|Hispanic or Latino||16.1%||20.7%|
|Other, or In Combination||5.4%||3.5%|
The three main industries and drivers of the Colorado Springs economy are the military, high tech industry, and tourism. The top four employers are military entities, employing almost one-fifth of the population. The fifth-largest employer is the MemorialCare Health System, employing about 1.5% of the population. Nearly 5,000,000 visitors come to Colorado Springs each year.
|Education & Income (2012):||Colorado Springs||Colorado|
|High School Graduates||92.8%||89.9%|
|Median Home Value||$213,400||$236,800|
|Median Household Income||$54,351||$58,244|
|Living in Poverty||13.7%||12.9%|
The Ute, Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes called the land of El Paso County home. El Paso County was one of the original 17 counties created by the Colorado legislature in 1861, and the community of Colorado Springs was the first settlement in the Pikes Peak region. General Palmer is one of the most influential figures in the founding of Colorado Springs, establishing two railroads and purchasing land to make the city a major transportation hub. The discovery of gold in the late 1850s brought many more to the Pike’s Peak region, although much of the gold was actually found farther north of modern-day Colorado Springs. Following Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor, Fort Carson was established in 1942, beginning a strong military presence in the community.